The rampant loss of species occurring today is a major environmental concern. It is estimated that 75% of the genetic diversity of agricultural crops has been lost in the last century. Leaning heavily on one or two varieties of a given food is a formula for devastation. For instance, consider that only a handful of varieties of potatoes dominate the current marketplace, whereas thousands of varieties were once available.
Now, dig back to recent history's potato famine in Ireland, where a blight knocked out the whole crop,
which consisted of just a few varieties, and millions of people died of starvation.